Transnationalism and Transnational Islam in Indonesia With Special Emphasis on Papua

  • Ridwan Al-Makassary Centre for Muslim States and Societies (CMSS,)The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia
Keywords: Transnationalism, Salafi, Papua Land of Peace, Religious Conflict


Papua has experienced the threat of communal harmony between Christians and Muslims regarding the transnational Islam advent in Papua. The Tolikara Incident in 2015 and the latest one the banning of building the minaret of the Al-Aqsha Mosque in Sentani in 2018, to a certain degree, were part of transnational Islam influence in the region with a majority non-Muslim population. The presence of transnational Islam cannot be separated from the emergence of the public sphere in the country after the demise of the Suharto regime in 1998. This paper will explore transnational Islam in Papua by reviewing previous studies and discourse on transnational Islam in Indonesia. At the outset, the author will delve literature review on transnationalism and transnational Islam globally. Afterward, it will discuss the presence of transnational Islam, especially Salafi of Jafar Umar Thalib (JUT) in Jayapura and Keerom that has created tension and hostilities within Muslim communities, as well as toward non-Muslim. No doubt, Salafi faction of JUT has tried to promulgate or disseminate radical Islamic teaching through dakwah (propagation) and other activities that threaten Papua Land of Peace (Papua Tanah Damai). As a result, their presence has gotten resistance from some Islamic mass organizations and non-Muslims.


Download data is not yet available.


Al-Makassary, Ridwan dkk 2011 Masjid dan Pembangunan Perdamaian. Jakarta: CSRC.
Al-Makassary, Ridwan 2015 Damai Papua Damai Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Kementrian`Agama Papua.
Al-Makassary, Ridwan 2016 Dialog dan Radikalisme Agama di Tanah Papua. Yogyakarta: FKUB Papua.
Al-Makassary, Ridwan, 2017 Insiden Tolkara dan Jafar Umar Thalib: Kontroversi Mushalla yang dibakar dan Drama Jihad di Tanah Papua. Yogyakarta: Kementrian Agama Papua.
Ayoub, M. 2008 The Many Faces of Political Islam Religion and Politics in the Muslim World. Michigan: University of Michigan.
Eickelman, D. F. 1997 Trans-state Islam and Security. In S. H. Piscatori (Ed.), Transnational Religion and Fading States (pp. 27-41) Colorado: Westview Press.
Esposito, J. L. 1999 The Islamic Threat. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hasan, Noorhaidi, 2006 Laskar Jihad: Islam, Militansi, Dan Pencarian Identitas Di Indonesia Pasca Orde Baru, Jakarta: LP3ES.
Hayness, J. 2012 Religious Transnational Actors and Soft Power. Farnham: Ashgate Publishing Limited.
Hegland, R. T. (Ed.). 1987 Religious Resurgence Contemporary Cases in Islam, Christianity and Judaism. New York: Sycrausse University Press.
Jones, Sydney, INDONESIA: COMMUNAL TENSIONS IN PAPUA Asia Report N°154 – 16 June 2008. Diakses pada 5 November 2017 dalam
Juergensmeyer, M. 2008. Global Rebellion Religious Challenges to the Secular State, From Chritian Militias to Al-Qaeda. California: University of California Press.
Kepel, G. 2004 The war for Muslim Minds. Massachussets: Harvard.
Mandaville, P. 2001 Transnational Muslim Politics Reimagining the Umma. In Mandavile, Transnational Muslim Politics Reimagining the Umma. New York: Routledge.
Piscatori, S. H. (Ed.)1997 Transnational Religion and Fading States. Colorado: Westview Press.
Ress, J. A. 2011 Religion in International Politics and Development-The World Bank and Faith Institutions. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited.
Sandler, J. F. 2004 Bringing Religion Into International Relations New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Snyder, J. 2011 Religion and International Relations Theory New York: Columbia University Press.
Yasmeen, S. 2005 Islamic Groups and Pakistan’s Foreign Policy: Lashkar-E-Thoiba. In Islam and The West Reflections from Australia Sydney: UNSW Press.
Widjojo, Muridan. S, dkk 2010 Papua Road Map: Negotiating the Past, Improving the Present and Securing the Future, Jakarta: Yayasan Obor
How to Cite
Al-Makassary, R. (2019). Transnationalism and Transnational Islam in Indonesia With Special Emphasis on Papua. International Journal of Interreligious and Intercultural Studies, 2(2), 42-59.